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Common problems for men and women






          Cancer
          Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part
          of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably.
          The cancerous cells can invade and destroy
          surrounding healthy tissue, including organs.
          There are over 200 different types of cancer, each
          with its own methods of diagnosis and treatment.
          You can find out more about specific types of
          cancer by visiting the NHS Choices webpage
          Cancer information and useful links.

          Breast cancer
          Breast cancer is the most common cancer in
          England and Wales and accounts for 30% of all
          cancers in women. The first symptom of breast
          cancer for many women is a lump in their breast;
          however 9 out of 10 breast lumps are benign,
          meaning they are not cancerous.

          NHS Choices has more information on how breast
          cancer affects both men and women.              Picture: © 9nong / Shutterstock
          Most benign lumps are
          • Areas of benign breast change, causing
            lumpiness that is more obvious just before a
            period, particularly in women over 35
          • Cysts, which are sacs of fluid in the breast
            tissue and are quite common
                                                           the effect of altered light exposure at night on
          • Fibro adenoma – a collection of fibrous        levels of melatonin or other hormones may
            glandular tissue.
                                                           have an impact on the risk of cancer
                                                        • Women who breast feed are statistically less
          These are more common in younger women.
                                                           likely to develop breast cancer than those who
                                                           do not.
          • 1 in 8 women will develop breast cancer at
            some point in their lives
          • It’s the most common cause of death from
            cancer in women                                 For further reading on breast cancer, try the
          • There may be a relationship between shift work    websites of Breast Cancer Care and the
                                                         NHS Choices webpages on breast cancer awareness.
            and breast cancer. The research suggests that                                                         5
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