Page 10 - Office Health & Well-Being
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Common problems for men and women

                       Stress-related illness
                       Stress, mental illness, back pain and
                       musculoskeletal disorders are some of the largest
                       causes of absence in both manual and non-
                       manual workers.
                       Factors that help individuals counter stress                                            Picture: © Yeko Photo Studio / Shutterstock
                       • being realistic their job
                       • having a good job ‘fit’
                       • finding work meaningful
                       • being physically fit and eating well
                       • having a flexible coping style               Musculoskeletal health
                       • working for an organisation that has flexible  Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) such as back
                                                                      pain are very common. According to a survey
                         working practices
                                                                      published in 2000, almost half (49 per cent) of
                       • having social support
                                                                      the UK’s adult population report low back pain
                                                                      lasting for at least 24 hours at some time in the
                       Moles                                          year, and it’s estimated that four out of every
                       Check your moles regularly and be aware of any  five adults (80 per cent) will experience back
                       change in colour or shape, or if they start    pain at some stage in their life.
                       bleeding. Most changes are harmless and are due
                       to a non-cancerous increase of pigment cells in  As well as back pain, some work tasks can lead to
                       the skin.                                      employees experiencing problems with their
                                                                      upper limbs and neck. These may be caused by
                       See your GP if a mole looks unusual or becomes  prolonged, repetitive tasks, such as when using
                       itchy. It can then be checked and removed if   computers or working on a production line.
                                                                      The NHS advises that back pain isn’t normally
                       To minimise your risk of skin cancer, avoid    serious, and in most cases the best treatment is
                       exposure to the sun between 11am and 3pm.      to stay active, with sensible levels of movement
                       Cover up and use sunscreen with a sun protection  and using over-the-counter painkillers if needed.
                       factor of at least 15 when you're in the sun.  However seek early treatment and diagnosis.

                            For more information, see the NHS Choices
                             webpages on moles, which also feature a
                                  mole self-assessment tool.                 See the NHS Choices webpages on
                                                                              back pain for further guidance.

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